Do "cited reference" searches to identify researchers that have cited other specific books or articles of interest. Track where you have searched and your search terms by keeping a research log or journal. This will help you identify the most productive sources and not repeat what you have already done. If needed you will be able to report your search strategies.
Create a strategy to organize your files, contacts, observations, field notes, and bibliographic information. Implement a small pilot study before proceeding with the full data collection. This will help you to test your approach to ensure you are collecting data that reflects your research question. Document details such as time involved and issues in the study for either you or the participants. Determine if any modifications to your study need to occur before proceeding.
Identify and test a strategy for transforming and analyzing the data e. Test your analysis method with the small pilot study or sample of your data.
Create graphs, tables, images, and other outputs that illustrate your results. Meet regularly with your advisor to discuss and resolve any questions. Update the Introduction and Literature Review sections. Results Section: The results section of your dissertation is the place to report your findings based on the data you gathered. Use non-text objects to illustrate your results including tables, figures, images and visualizations. Illustrative objects should either be placed within the dissertation text or at the end of your dissertation. Summarize all your results whether they are statistically significant or not.
Put raw data, survey instruments, and release forms, etc. Discussion Section: The discussion section is often considered to the be the core of your dissertation. Include your research questions identified in the introduction. Describe how you have moved the field forward. Explain how your research enhances or fills a gap in existing research.
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Identify any unexpected or contradictory findings. Explain how your results relate to existing literature and if they are consistent with previous research. Describe how your results can be applied. This could take a variety of forms such as real world application, best practices or recommendations. Update the Introduction and Literature Review.
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Review and update your introduction and literature review sections to ensure that they are accurate and current. Change the tense if needed from future to past. Write the Conclusion.
Share the conclusion have reached because of your research. Explain limitations in your research and possibilities for future research on your topic. Seeking feedback, reviewing, and editing your document helps you to: See your text from a reader's perspective. Examine the overall organization and identify what is no longer relevant and what sections need further development.
Bring together parts written at different times to create a coherent, connected whole. Make your ideas clear to others, which in turn, will result in better reader comments. Plan and negotiate your progress in consultation with your advisor and committee members.blacksmithsurgical.com/t3-assets/vte/twas-the-night-before-christmas.php
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Strategies: Separate large-scale revision from small-scale editing and proofreading, making sure to make large changes in organization and content first rather than spending hours smoothing out a sentence you'll end up cutting. Use a checklist of common errors when you do your final editing and proofreading, or consider hiring an editor to help you identify and fix such problems. Connect with your dissertation support network and members of your committee to receive constructive feedback. Help your readers help you by giving them a direction, for example in a cover letter, in which you explain what you want to accomplish in the draft and list your specific questions and concerns.
Identify potential readers' expertise and skills when deciding which parts of your dissertation you want them to review. For example, perhaps only people working in your lab can constructively comment on your "methods," while friends in other disciplines would give useful feedback on the "introduction. Negotiate with your advisor and committee members to establish a process for submitting drafts for their feedback. Check all calculations, visual details, and citations for accuracy and validity and remove sources you are no longer citing or add new ones.
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Prepare the bibliography, appendix, title page, and acknowledgements. Prepare for defense: Your defense is your final opportunity to present your dissertation as a coherent, intelligent product to the committee members who will read and evaluate it.
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You may or may not be expected to give a brief presentation at the beginning. Focus on the needs of your primary audience your advisor and committee , either by consulting them directly or considering their feedback to your initial draft. Review your notes and rationale for making the decisions you made in your draft for example, including or excluding certain seminal theories, authors, and research methodologies. Remind yourself that at this point you are now the "expert" on your research and the goal of the defense is to present and share your expertise and seek feedback from interested readers.
Strategies: Many departments have their own handbooks to guide students through the process with timelines and specific academic style guidelines. Consult the details in the doctoral handbook for your department and college. Tips from the Libraries: When submitting your dissertation consider your rights as an author. For example, you may want to retain your legal rights to the copyright for your work.
Augment and refine the practical skills of historical study as well as key skills useful to you in life outside university. Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:. You will complete a 15,word dissertation on a subject of your choice, subject to available supervisory expertise. This dissertation may follow on from but not replicate work completed in other elements of the programme, but this is not a requirement.
You will be allocated an appropriate supervisor, and develop the project under his or her initial guidance. Select the activities you want to include in your plan. What are your priorities? They are likely to include experiments that will give the thesis a conclusion or that may be necessary to publish a final paper. Mandatory administrative tasks will also need attention, and allowing time to prepare for your next career move will give you the best chance of a seamless and successful transition post-PhD.
As a final year PhD candidate, you are likely to have acquired high-level competencies comparable to those of a junior postdoctoral researcher, in which case your supervisor may offer you responsibility for new projects or graduate students. It can also be difficult to let go of a topic or project to which you are wedded or to miss out on the opportunity to help train the next generation of scientists.
In such situations, referring back to your plan Rule 1 , previously agreed upon with your supervisor, should help to remind you both of your priorities and deadlines, making negotiation easier.
However, should any conflict of opinion arise between you, bear in mind that finding a mutually agreeable solution is the best way forward. You can take advice from a mentor or refer to the many publications that provide approaches and tactics for effective negotiation. If the relationship between you and your supervisor is more complicated and cannot be resolved by a discussion, you may need to turn to your graduate school, your academic committee, or other senior managers in your institution, who can act to mediate the situation.